This column is excerpted from Guide to Literary Agents, from Writer’s Digest Books.
One of the most common questions I get at writers’ conferences is this: Can I query multiple literary agents at once? My answer is that not only yes, but yes, you’re encouraged to.
After all, though an agent will usually reply quickly (bless you, email), they may take three whole months to get back to you, only to send you a form rejection. You can’t wait around for agents one by one like that.
So if you’re ing various agents at the same time (simultaneous submissions), how many agents should you query? Would it be wise to just mail out your query to all 50 targeted agents who rep science fiction, trying to personalize your letter wherever possible?
I wouldn’t, if I were you. I would submit to six to eight at a time, including those you’ve met at a writers’ conference or retreat.
But why six to eight?
Isn’t that a strange, arbitrary number?
I say six to eight because I want you to protect yourself. My question to you is this: What if you submit your query to all 50 agents on your master list, but — heaven forbid — your query letter sucks? Every agent will turn you down and you’ll have hit a brick wall at the beginning of your journey.
Instead, submit to a limited number of agents and gauge a response. If you submit to seven agents and get seven rejections with no reps asking to see more work, then guess what? Your query sucks. Overhaul it.
Quick note from Chuck: I am now taking on clients as a freelance editor. If your query or synopsis or manuscript needs a look from a professional, please consider my editing services. Thanks!
Taking this approach one step further, let’s say you send your polished query to seven new literary agents, and get four responses asking for more work. Congratulations — your query letter is doing its job.
But let’s say that none of those four agents who see a partial ask to read your full manuscript. Guess what that means? Your first few chapters aren’t up to snuff. Revise them. Overhaul them. Give the chapters to friends for a blunt critique.
The message is this: If you’re not progressing as you hope, try to identify where you’re going wrong so you can improve on it as quickly as possible.
This strategy will help you protect yourself. Give yourself the best chance of success in finding a literary agent!
Other TWL Guest Posts by Chuck Sambuchino:
- Querying Literary Agents: Your Top 9 Questions Answered